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History of Science and Engineering

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ANALYSIS AND RESOLUTION OF SOME CONTRADICTIONS OF THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL BASES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING FROM THE POSITIONS OF FUNDAMENTAL DIALECTIC LAWS
P.E. Valivach, V.G. Grachev

The solution of the problem posed by one of the authors of the article: the disclosure of the historical and scientific logic of the formation of the theoretical foundations of electrical engineering and its influence on the dynamics of the development of electrotechnical knowledge is to solve many basic contradictions. The initial phase of the emergence of science theoretical foundations of electrical engineering (TFEE) fully allows a linear period of its development, which is represented by cycles with a secular constant. After the accumulation of electrotechnical knowledge there is a transition of quantity to quality over the next hundred-year cycle of development, which is resulted in a birst of scientific discoveries, including discoveries of laws. Every year, the aggregate of «background» events, as well as certain key events make their contribution in the development of electrotechnical knowledge. The graph of the development of electrotechnical knowledge, performed in three-dimensional coordinates, is an ascending expanding vortex (conical screw line). Local bursts caused by regularly occurring key events are clearly visible on it. The density of these bursts is the greatest in the twenties of each century in the period under review. The solution of the first contradiction is that: if each new spiral turn is made at approximately equal intervals (in our case for hundred years), then the linear velocity of the spiral movement should increase in order to make a new wider turn. The interdisciplinary approach implies that any science (its formation and development), including the TFEE, is an object of study of several sciences: In the case under consideration, these are history, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy. The solution of the second contradiction is based on the need for an integrated, interdisciplinary (systematic) approach to the study of the formation and development of the science TFEE.
Keywords: contradiction; electrotechnical knowledge; spiral; cyclicity; cyclic processes; history; theoretical fundamentals of electrical engineering; coordinate system; regularity.


DOI: 10.25791/intstg.01.2019.385

Contacts: E-mail: petrvalevach@mail.ru, E-mail: corvax@mail.ru

Pp. 31-42.

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