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History of Science and Engineering

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY: FROM THE FIRST IMPLEMENTS TO INTELLIGENT MACHINES AND TECHNOLOGIES
A.S. Dorokhov, I.A. Starostin, N.O. Chilingaryan

One of the first reclaimed human occupations was farming. It took a lot of time to move from hunting and gathering to modern technologies of crop cultivation. On this way, the humankind passed several stages, which are linked directly with changing of agriculture system and improving of tools. In an effort to facilitate the most timeconsuming operations on soil cultivation, tillage tools was improved, traction power of animals, wind and water was used. Gradually, new methods of tillage appears. This leads to a change in the tools themselves: there appears a division of tools for operations, changes designs and materials. With the development of science and technology, selfpropelled machines become available first with a steam engine, and then with an internal combustion engine. Various types of agricultural machinery aggregated with self-propelled machines are created and improved. Over time, there appears a need for complex mechanization of technological processes of agricultural production, which is expressed in the creation of a System of Machines for Mechanization of Agricultural Production. Nine machine systems have been created in our country. Currently, the development and implementation of technologies and technical means for the production of agricultural products is based on a variety of interdisciplinary connections and the latest achievements of science and technology. In order to integrate them into the processes of agricultural production, it is necessary to create a new System of Intelligent Machines for Agricultural Production, allowing the use of the most effective technologies and technical means and ensuring a significant increase in the production of high-quality competitive agricultural products.
Keywords: Tools; technology development; technological structure; development stages; machine system; intelligent machines.


DOI: 10.25791/intstg.12.2019.1083

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Pp. 70-74.

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