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History of Science and Engineering

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HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE THEORY AND METHODS DEVELOPMENT OF ENSURING INDUSTRIAL SAFETY OF OIL AND GAS FACILITIES
A.R. Biktasheva, A.S. Salov, E.A. Udalova, A.I. Gabitov, R.A. Anvarov

The chronology of historical thought in the purview of investigation and expert evaluationof industrial safety of production facilities is presented. It is fully applying to the objects of the oil and gas complex. The intensive development of this objects is accompanied by the enlargement of the capacities of technological equipment and installations, an increase in pressures and temperatures, an increase in the concentration of explosive, fire and toxic hazardous substances. The existing methods of general construction classification of industrial buildings and structures were analyzed excluding specific conditions for the implementation of technological processes of oil and gas refi ning. The investigation results of technological facilities of OOO Gazprom neftekhim Salavat are presented. By the authors are proposed accelerated diagnostics method of building structures of buildings and structures of the oil and gas industry for typical defects and damages, and recommended methods of restoration of building structure. This is based on detailed analysis of the existing methods for the defects and damages classifi cation of industrial buildings and structures, as well as the comprehensive technical inspections of technological facilities carried out by ООО Gazprom neftekhim Salavat.
Keywords: constructive solution; oil and gas industry; industrial building; oil refineries; classifi cation of defects.


DOI: 10.25791/intstg.4.2022.1349

Pp. 24-32.

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